Monday, March 10, 2008

CNN Student News One-Sheet: Political Parties in America

(CNN Student News) -- There are two major national political political parties in the United States: the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. But have got those groupings been at the head of American political relation since the birth of the nation? This One-Sheet assists pupils larn about the history of political political parties in America.

Federalist Party The Federalist Party held powerfulness in the U.S. from 1789-1801. The Federalists were responsible for organizing the national authorities and establishing the pattern of a broad reading of the Constitution. Toilet Sam Adams was the first Federalist to be elected president, but after he failed to win re-election, the grouping never held powerfulness again and was virtually dead by 1817.

Democratic Party The Democratic Party hints its roots back to the late 1700s. It developed in resistance to the Federalists, and its members originally called themselves Democratic-Republicans. It wasn't until 1844 that the grouping officially named itself the Democratic Party. Seth Thomas Thomas Jefferson was the first member of the political party to be elected president.

Whig Party The Whig Party was active inch the U.S. in the mid-1800s. The grouping was formally organized in 1834, made up primarily of members opposed to President Saint Andrew Jackson, but they never developed a unequivocal political party platform. In 1836, the political party ran multiple campaigners for president, none of whom won. The Whigs did win the presidential term and control of United States Congress in 1840, but the political party was mostly dissolved just 20 old age later.

Republican Party The Republican Party was established in the 1850s when leadership from respective political parties, including the Democratic and Whig parties, joined military units in their resistance to slavery. The grouping is also referred to as the GOP, or Thousand Old Party. In 1860, Abraham Abraham Lincoln was elected as the first Republican president of the United States.

Libertarian Party The Libertarian Party was founded in 1971 and is the 3rd biggest political political party in the United States. The group's political platform is based on the thought that people should be the lone authorization over their lives. Accordingly, most Libertarians would wish most government-provided services replaced with private and voluntary arrangements.

Green Party The Green Party was formed in 2001 as a federation of state Green parties. The group's missionary post is to construct itself into a feasible political option in the United States. The Green Party have a wide issues platform and focuses on grassroots activism, working primarily at a state and local degree and running campaigners for local offices.

Source: Encyclopedia Britannica Online, Green Party of the United States

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